There is strong evidence to support the fact that both flavouring water and adding small amounts of glucose and sodium to a hypotonic solution can lead to substantially increased levels of voluntary drinking, which can therefore result in an exercising individual maintaining a better level of hydration than if water alone were consumed.
may protect osteoarthritis (OA) joints indirectly by helping control
body weight. It has been observed that OA progresses more rapidly in
overweight individuals. One study found that weight loss in middle-aged
or older women significantly reduced the incidence of symptomatic OA
of the knee.
Theory has it that the bigger the signal, the more electrical activity in the particular muscle, the stronger the contractions and the more effective the exercise. These studies showed that the three best exercises for the abdominal muscle are the bicycle crunch, the hanging knee raise and the crunch on an exercise ball.